Tag Archives: Unions

The Wonders of Privatization (Snow Edition)

contractorsBainbridge Township, Ohio

“Did they shovel our porch?” my sister asked my mother. “Yep.” replied mom. “Wow.”

Ohio, at least northern Ohio, is experiencing one of its worst storms in recent years. Last night, the meteorologists spoke only of dire outcomes. And we’re only supposed to get a foot of snow.

This is not the same Ohio I grew up in, where snow was quite prevalent and a few feet fazed only the carpetbaggers. Snowmageddon in D.C.? Nothing compared to the great snowstorm of 1996 where we got over four feet of snow.

In recent years, snowstorms have been more mild here.

A year ago, my parents were still residing in my childhood home on Eaton road in Shaker Heights. To its credit, Shaker Heights has a very good public works system relative to neighboring communities. Of course, that comes at a high cost.

Shaker recently raised its taxes to keep its very good public works system — snow and trash removal — despite state budget cuts in the form of aid to cities. They proposed, and the voters approved, tax increases.

My parents moved. One county over, in fact, to Bainbridge Township in Geauga County, where taxes are lower (both in income and property taxes.)

Despite telling us for years they would impound our childhood in storage and buy a loft downtown, they opted to move east to an even bigger home. It’s a nice home. But, it’s in the snow belt.

Shaker Heights, like all inner-ring suburbs, gets its share of snow. Chagrin Falls and the surrounding parts of Cuyahoga and Geauga Counties tend to get a lot more snow.

The meteorologists were a little off on the timing, but they seemed to be correct on the amount of snow. It’s coming down hard.

Interrupting our alcohol-fueled games of bananagram and Jenga was the sound of snow plows. Since most of Bainbridge is unincorporated, the communities (run by Home Owners Associations) hire contractors to do the work of government that cities, like Shaker, ordinarily perform.

Dad came out of his new office and notified us that Ali and I would have to move our cars if the contractors were to plow our driveway. It was more of a command.

This, of course, was foreign to us, since we grew up using the winter mouse murderer known as the snowblower.  (If you’ve never seen mouse blood and parts sprayed over snow, then you haven’t truly lived, my friend.)

In Shaker, the city plowed the streets. When I was younger, they had this strange device designed to plow sidewalks. But given the age of those sidewalks, it often resulted in destroyed slabs and damaged machines. I don’t know this for sure, but I am pretty sure they killed that program.

The plows were big, and all of their drivers were city employees. Presumably belonging to a union. While the plows afforded bigger economies of scale, the labor contracts probably negated those benefits, since public employees’ unions have CBAs with pensions and overtime.

Of course, you had to plow your own driveway, and we used our snowblower to clear the block’s sidewalks because that’s how we roll, but the streets were plowed well — better than in the city of Cleveland.

Out here, however, the contractors plow your roads, your driveway, your walkway, and your porch.

Ali’s car — the Lesboat I call it, since it’s a Subaru — has 4WD. It pulled out of the driveway with ease. The “Silver Fox”, my dad’s old Honda Accord  that I now drive– complete with FIGHT TERRORISM license plates –does not. It was quickly evident when trying to move it why he no longer wanted it.

It got stuck.

I tried, in vain, to back it out of the driveway, a slight decline. Our driveway in Shaker was about a one-story incline that required skill to navigate. This, one would think, would be easy. Not so much. Without 4WD, skill was required.

After a few tries, my dad put on his boots and came to my aid to help push my out. It didn’t work.

All of the drivers of the snowplows stopped and got out of their trucks to help push me out.

That’s service.

(My mom rewarded them with a sixer of Great Lakes Dortmunder Gold.)

It got me thinking about city-provided services and private contractors.

While city-provided big trucks may be superior at providing the economies of scale necessary to plow big thoroughfares, the same could be done by a smaller amount of F-250’s, or bigger trucks. (Ohio isn’t big into privatization, while my current home of Virginia has embraced it, with VDOT using private contractors to plow main roads.) If allowed to compete, they’d presumably buy bigger trucks.

When the weather is tame, cities eat the cost of stagnant trucks and employees. Contractors have more flexibility. If it is particularly snowy, they can hire guys with trucks to join their team for the season, or lease trucks fitted with plows. That saves time and money, especially when competing for contracts.

And when it comes to providing service, they do a better job and more thorough job, at least when it comes to plowing snow.

In Bainbridge, however, my parents still have to take the trash out to the end of the 30 foot driveway. In Shaker, they employ little golf-like carts that pick it up from the back.

In the end, it’s all about trade offs, I guess. And my parents seem to value lower taxes and better snow service.bsig





You Don’t Have A Right to a Job

And please, let’s keep it that way.

In P.J. O’Rourke’s book, Don’t Vote, It Just Encourages the Bastards, he writes:

“When rights consist of special privileges and material benefits, rights kill freedom. Wrong rights are the source of political power.”

O’Rourke is right.

On Facebook recently, a friend of mine shared an image that depicts a proposed “Second Bill of Rights” that President Franklin Roosevelt outlined in his 1944 State of the Union speech.

Thankfully, much of this proposal died with him.

According to what would later become Newsweek, the footage was thought lost until liberal icon/September 11 truther Michael Moore found it.

Thank goodness Moore put aside conspiracy theories for a moment to share with us footage of more of FDR’s economic malarkey.

Newsweek, excuse me, The Daily Beast, quoted Pulitzer prize winning author and content borrower Doris Kearns Goodwin’s views on the “Second Bill of Rights”:

Presidential historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, author of No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II, told The Daily Beast that Moore “is absolutely right” to focus on FDR’s second Bill of Rights. She said she has never seen a film clip of Roosevelt describing his proposal.

“It was a radical proposal, suggesting a positive role for government in protecting people against the vagaries of the market, and had he lived, it is fascinating to wonder how much of these ideas might have been translated into policy,” Goodwin said in an email.

Remember, aspiring writers, when caught using a person’s work without proper attribution, the question is not whether you should lose your job, rather, “the larger one.”

As Kearns Goodwin put it:

“The larger question for those of us who write history is to understand how citation mistakes can happen.”

But what do I know? I’m not pretentious enough to posit that I “write history.”

What is it that’s so bad about FDR’s proposed second bill of rights? Why is it so bad?

The first line in this proposed new bill of rights is that “every American has a right to __________.” The graphic proposes assigning these six news rights to every American.

The seventh — I am told from some very tenuous deep background sources — is that FDR also wanted to propose a right for Americans  never to be killed by your government abroad by a robot airplane without pesky warrants, arrests and trials. You know, the whole justice system thing.

But after detaining ethnic minorities — citizens no less — in “containment camps” FDR didn’t want to limit his successors. At least he was forward thinking.

The first new proposed right is a right to a job.  As it currently stands, many Americans aren’t in possession of this proposed right since lots of them are unemployed.

I’ll admit, America would be pretty swell if we all had jobs. And West Highland Terriers. But how would we go about implementing such a new right? Let’s flesh it out with a few ideas:

  1. The government employs everyone. (See: Communism.)
  2. The government employs everyone who cannot find a job in the private sector (See: Socialism and related variants.)
  3. The government forces employers to hire people (See notes in #2.)

As O’Rourke said, conferring new rights kills freedom. Either by telling people how to run their businesses, or by taking taxes from them to achieve those ends.

Same goes with the second guarantee — an adequate wage and a “decent” living, however defined. What’s decent living to New Yorkers might seem third worldly to people in the deep south these days. Four people to a closet in a hostel? Why not have a McMansion for the same price? No “big” 20 oz drinks? Come get a supersized 84 0z drink at Confederacy Mart.

A right to a decent home? How would the government implement this? Heavily subsidize housing to ensure more people get it? That worked out great in recent years! Everybody has decent housing…. Right? Or is that just me?

Well, maybe instead of using government (read: taxpayer and China’s) money to encourage people to buy homes, we try to artificially game the market and set prices on housing.

You know, rent control, like in New York.

In New York, rich people with second houses get rent controlled apartments. Kids lie to the government about their residency so when grandma dies they’ll get her posh apartment. (And they never break residency or voting laws, that’s for sure!)  Best of all, if you’re a former chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, you get a couple rent controlled apartments. I think that is in New York’s state constitution somewhere.

Smart kids with a Master’s degree get to live with three other people in a closet for $750 a month per person. Rent control is awesome.

The government, if unshackled by those greedy free marketeers, could do so many great things to make housing affordable. If given more power, imagine how much more affordable housing could be in places like New York! Everyone could be just like Ted Mosby in How I Met Your Mother.

From what I can tell, impoverished people love government solutions that make housing affordable. Government does such a great job. (Unless, of course, you’re a greedy landlord.)

Which brings me to medical care. Every American has the right to medical care? Close the book on this one, guys. Even before Obamacare, this already was the law of the land.

Oh wait. You mean they had to pay for it? Like, by finding jobs? Choosing appropriate housing? Where is the fun in that?

We’re not done yet. There are two more, so stay with me.

Number five is the right to “Economic protection during sickness, accident, old age or unemployment.” Sounds a lot like Social Security Disability Insurance and Unemployment. Well, those have already been implemented to varying degrees.

The results?

Social Security Disability Insurance runs out of money in a mere six years. In 2018 the trust fund will be broke and recipients will have their benefits cut unless Congress pours more money in. Most state unemployment funds are broke, too, borrowing money from the feds.

Well, it’s not like a guarantee of such benefits (or perceived entitlement of them) makes the system susceptible to fraud. No way!

I don’t know about you, but I know at least five people who have, or are currently, committing some level of fraud. People feel entitled. To them it’s not fraud, rather, it’s just getting their money back.  (Which means I know at least five people who would make great citizens in Greece.)

The last is a right to a good education. I grew up in a town that spent ungodly amounts on education, and my parents (and those of my friends) spent more money to send us to what would appear to be an inferior Catholic school.

Yes, my grade school alma mater is a recipient of a Blue Ribbon School Award. How is it that my school, where we dissected chicken wings instead of dead pigs like the kids at public school (seriously!) produce better results (on average) than kids whose education cost multiples of mine?

I got a better education for a fraction of the price (not including taxes for those public schools that produced flunkie yuppies and drug addicts), and the really poor kids three miles east of me got a worse education for five times the cost.

How did that happen? Well, just trust government a little more and presto chango, outcomes will change. Oh, right, they need more of your money, too, so pay up.

You cannot guarantee a “good education”  It’s a pipe dream of false government promises.

It’s up to teachers, parents, students and the like to ensure people get a good education.

The late — not great — FDR’s proposed second bill of rights are nothing but feel good platitudes that don’t give serious thought to the issues and the unintended consequences. Which might explain why unions like them.

In America you have the right to pursue or obtain these things. But they shouldn’t just be given to you by other people. A decent education, for example, takes effort from you. So does finding a job, and using its wages to pay for housing and medical care.

Wouldn’t it be nice if everyone had a job? Wouldn’t it be nice if everyone had an adequate wage and decent living?  Wouldn’t it be nice if everyone had a decent home and medical care,  economic protection during sickness, accident, old age or unemployment, and a good education? And a West Highland Terrier.

The Beach Boys were right — wouldn’t it be nice?

One thing FDR either didn’t consider is that you can’t realistically promise these things to people. And you shouldn’t. Or, a more sinister version is that he knew such promises were dumb but did it for political gain anyway.

Get on TV vs. GOTV

With tonight’s victory for Scott Walker, I would be loathe to forget something I learned in my 2004 job as a field operative on the Bush/Cheney campaign.

During my training seminar, I was told that the old GOP model of “Get on TV” vs. the Democratic model of “Get Out the Vote” was changing. Republicans had invested heavily in technological infrastructure, micro targeting, and in related technologies. The 2004 re-election for President Bush was going to be the big debut, 2002 was a test run.

Of course, those investments yielded good results. But good GOTV means nothing if your narrative is lacking, as evidenced by the 2006 and 2008 elections.

National Review writer Christian Schneider notes in his write up on “Why Walker Won” that:

Although the union protests in early 2011 were a spectacular visual event, they ended up not making any difference in the final vote, other than perhaps to drive more Republicans to the polls. Labor leaders clearly thought that simply being on the news every night showed union strength; this calculation proved wrong.

Have the two parties reversed roles? Are Republicans focusing on the ground game that Democrats dominated for so long, and Democrats focusing on the media narrative that the GOP has executed so well?

It wouldn’t be fair to say that the GOP has abandoned playing the narrative game, nor would it be fair to say that the Democrats and OFA have lackluster GOTV operations. For a short while, the GOP really advanced the digital use of voter records and other public data with “VoterVault.” The Democrats responded with Demzilla. These days, it’s hard to know who is ahead.

In Wisconsin, the GOP ran a great ground game on a message good enough to win comfortably. Republicans should not misinterpret this.

I’ve been so far removed from campaigns that I don’t know much about the capabilities of either party these days. I assume they’ve gotten far creepier than 2004, and what I’ve read about the OFA operation suggests as much.

But, Schneider is right to suggest that getting coverage of protests doesn’t equate to results at the polls. In fact, it can often have the opposite effect. His write up is worth reading.

A few other factors played a role, as Schneider notes, i.e:

  • Barrett was a weak candidate the first time, and was even weaker the second time.
  • Walker had the time to allow the reforms to work, and that gave him time to demonstrate they were working.
  • Recalls are rare, but normally they’re for legitimate reasons. This recall was administered by a bunch of people with sour grapes.
  • The recall was about unions and collective bargaining, but that was conspicuously absent from the actual recall debate.
  • Unions getting a better deal than federal employees doesn’t sit well with hardworking Wisconsinites. This might explain the absence of collective bargaining in the recall race.

A non-partisan friend of mine from the heartland messaged me today and said that (I’m paraphrasing) he is not of Scott Walker’s political views, he thinks the recall was ill advised and silly, mostly because Walker didn’t do anything criminal or that demonstrated willful malfeasance.

The Coalition for American Values Committee ran a powerful commercial titled “The Wisconsin Way.” The ad features a bunch of Wisconsinites, most of whom aren’t big supporters of Gov. Walker saying, in essence, they think the recall is a bunch of crap.

Another friend of mine from college, a journalist, said this: “Maybe people should just show up to vote on election day?” That’s one of the weird things about recalls, especially in Wisconsin, is that they don’t have to demonstrate that really egregious things happened to justify them.

An old political adage is: “If you don’t vote, you can’t complain.” In Wisconsin, you can not only complain if you don’t vote, you can petition to recall elected officials who were seated in an election you didn’t even vote in. This could set a bad precedent.

According to Wisconsin law for recalls:

A qualified elector is a United States citizen, 18 years of age or older, who has resided in the district or jurisdiction for at least 10 days.

I think many voters disliked the recall if only for the reason that, regardless of Walker’s actions, removing him would set a precedent that would make their state similar to a banana republic or one run by a junta. This isn’t to say Walker kept his job because the recall was a sham, but it certainly didn’t hurt his chances.

I don’t buy the rationale that the exit polls will ensure President Obama wins the state in the fall, since 2000 and 2004 showed us how fallible exit polls are. They’re a.) not as reliable as elections, and, b.) merely represent a snapshot of a small sample of voters at a certain point in time. By that same token, I don’t buy into the rationale that Wisconsin is a lock for Romney in the fall. I think it’s safe to say that Wisconsin will be a tossup, at least at this point in time.

President Obama’s re-election chances will depend largely on jobs and the economy. Even if Gov. Walker’s policies result in (or at least are tangentially tied to) job growth there, voters will still look at the economy as a whole.

I don’t think voters in a state with a governor, much less one who has won two elections in four years, who has led a state to economic growth will eschew those reforms and support an incumbent President en masse with policies diametrically opposed to their governor’s. It’s not that clear cut and simple. It’s far messier, so don’t believe any over simplifications you hear on either side. The electorate is befuddling and fickle.

Tonight was a win for politicians willing to take big chances to reform government, and it was a loss for public unions. Walker shouldn’t “spike the football” so to speak, but he should let his reforms do the talking. My guess is that he’ll do precisely that.

Thursday Links

Capital Living

[poll id=”23″]

Ramussen: 59% View Money-Losing Auto Bailouts As a FailureVirginia: Romney 45%, Obama 44%

Heritage: Federal Budget in Pictures Shows America’s Spending and Debt Crises

Austan Goolsbee has a blog

Gawker: Girl with Down’s Is Unwitting Subject of Mean Internet Meme

Reason: Postal Service Could Cut Saturday Delivery in Two to Three Years, No Guarantees (Like Priority Mail)…

WSJ: Accusations Fly in NBA Union War

HotAir: Perry endorses Romney

Consumerist: Illinois Judge: Law Requiring Amazon To Collect Sales Tax Is Unconstitutional | Which Baseball Stadiums Have The Priciest Beer?

BoingBoing: 2,000 patents have been granted for shaped pasta

JESUS TAP-DANCING CHRIST: The best Craigslist Ad you’ll see this year

DCist: Seeing Red: Is That D.C. Taxicab Charging New Rates?

While I’d like to see these price controls abolished, why not let them choose a system? Seems fair to me.

DCist: Mystery Solved! Capital City Diner Moving to Union Market

Daily Caller: EPA official apologizes for ‘crucify’ the oil and gas producers comments

Say NO to Crack, Say YES! to Roller Skating

WSJ: Kay Hymowitz: Why Women Make Less Than Men

Will: Illinois is running out of time and money

WKYC: Did Akron mom go too far with Facebook punishment? (Um… NO)

Sullivan: Ask Ackerman Anything: What Do You Hate About Beltway Culture?

GGW: Walmart’s 6 DC stores: Some will be urban, some won’t

Intercontinental stereotypes

The Hill: Biden: Obama has ‘big stick,’ Romney doesn’t

Dear Abby: My Kid’s Law School Loans Are Ruining My Life

MightyHeaton: Inspidity

Volokh: Now Here’s a Bad Idea–Allowing Discharge of Student Loans in Bankruptcy

What Slayer Will Demand If They Play at Your Festival

Reuters: George Zimmerman: Prelude to a shooting

GREAT phone. (I have the older version) and you get $50 free credit from google wallet. Nice

AdAge: Apple’s Rare Ad Misstep: Celebrity Siri Ads That Slice The Wrong Way

Aaron Schock Discusses Youth Vote on MSNBC’s Andrea Mitchell Reports

Slashdot: Travelling Salesman, Thriller Set In a World Where P=NP

WaPo: Rep. Lynn Jenkins discovers Congress’ witness-scaring secrets


Cleveland Browns draft decision seems clear: Justin Blackmon or Trent Richardson (or trade?)


Wednesday Links


Been having some trouble with WordPress Jetpack update. Come on WordPress!

Lead Story:

GGW: Will LivingSocial help build a tech hub in DC?

My View:

DC should focus on having a competitive tax code rather than pick winners and losers. Virginia (whose code is more competitive) should stop offering distorting credits.

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CHARIOT RACES http://bmbl.us/IpCfsA

Reason: What We Saw at the Occupy the Justice Dept. Rally in DC!

NYTimes: Eight Things I Learned From Reading Every Last Word of The Economist | The Arizona Show

Washington Wire: Supreme Court Live Blog: The Immigration Case

RollCall: Reports: Gingrich Preparing To End Campaign

BoingBoing: Government tries to shut down paleo diet blogger

HotAir: Team Obama to unions: Bail out our convention, will ya?

Weekly Standard: Paul Ryan on Sequestration

MARION BARRY DOUBLES DOWN: Barry Complains Hospitals Are Hiring Too Many Filipina Nurses

DCist: New D.C. Wildlife Trapping Law Gets First Test: a Raccoon

Slow Jam The News with Barack Obama: Late Night with Jimmy Fallon

ARLNow: Pike’s Taqueria Poblano Aiming for Opening Next Week

Android: Facebook Updates Its Android App With Revised Camera And Messenger Icons

Atlantic: Behind the Paywall at Glenn Beck’s Confounding Web TV Network

ZeroHedge: Ben Bernanke Full Unredacted Frontal

WSJ: Durable goods orders fall | Burger King Pledges Shift to ‘Cage-Free’ Eggs | Wal-Mart Innocents Abroad

WashTimes: High court casts doubt on Obama’s immigration stance

DailyCaller: Girls Gone Wild on Capitol Hill? Not so fast

Cleveland.com: Cleveland school board votes to trim teaching staff for next year | At 89, after 75 years of playing, Beachwood man makes first ace

Politico: Tareq Salahi: I’m running for governor

Cleveland Scene: The Curse of Chief Wahoo | Chief Wahoo Exhibit

I support keeping the Chief.

Jim Swifts in the news

Above the Law: Lawyer of the Day: SCOTUS Victor Advises Losing Litigant to Read Opinion ‘Eternally from Hell’

Reason: Feds to Outlaw Farm Chores for Kids

MobileMarketers: What White Castle could have done to make its mobile ad campaign successful

Gizmodo: The Postal Service Shipped This Guy’s Package Across the Country Twice for No Reason

MyFoxDC: Upper Marlboro residents facing huge bamboo problem

I agree this is a big deal, but to those worried we’re gonna run out of resources — I’d like to introduce you to bamboo.

Let’s Politicize EVERYTHING!!!!


Gawker has been running this piece on Chick Fil A this week, pointing out that its Winshape Foundation donates to groups that oppose gay marriageBig deal.

I think this is silly.

First, the economic argument: winnowing down potential merchants to trade with because of their politics is only likely to make you poorer. Sure, you might feel better, knowing you are not supporting people whose views differ from yours, but are you making yourself better off? No.

Restricting with whom you will trade for arbitrary reasons limits your choices and potentially closes off ones that will make you a better deal. This is stupid, and you’ll probably only be poorer because of it. If you want to live your life at  an Organic Co-op in Vermont and never shave or bathe with shampoo tested on animals, by all means, be my guest.

You’re free to do that and cease trading with people whose politics you don’t like, of course. But when people are getting richer (by making smarter decisions) than you — please don’t cry foul, because normal people won’t care.

If I didn’t shop at places run by Democrats or supportive of Democrats, I would never have gone to Humphrey’s, my favorite bar in the world. Would I have been better off without Humphrey’s? No way in hell. I’m sure I’ve politicized things, like Ketchup (wrongly) in 2004 — and I don’t even like ketchup. I’ve seen the error of my ways and hope you will, too.

Second, the time argument: Are you going to apply this line of reasoning to every purchase you make? Where do you draw the line? If you want to make a symbolic stand on gay rights only with Chick-Fil-A — that’s fine. More delicious fried chicken and shorter lines for me. But if you are going to be consistent, are you going to stop shopping at Target or other stores that have supported causes you disagree with, like Coca Cola?

Are you going to ask your favorite bartender his politics? Your local food truck owners? Your dry cleaner? It seems to me like living this way, aside from being economically stupid and politically pointless, would just waste a lot of your time.

And would your friends care? I had somebody tell me we shouldn’t make a trip to get one of those Little Caesars $5 fresh n’ ready pizzas because their owners are huge liberals. I don’t care. I want a delicious pizza for $5, even if it was sold to me by the AFL-CIO.

I don’t like unions at all, but that doesn’t mean I don’t drink union-made beer, or shop at union grocery stores like Shoppers. Doing so would limit my choices and make me poorer, and that’s why all of this is stupid.

Odds are, though, your friends probably don’t care. They may accede to your defense of not shopping at a store that one time, but when you’re not around, they’ll talk about how crazy you are and how delicious Chick-Fil-A / Little Caesars is.

In a world that is becoming even more hyper partisan, can’t we just stop and live our lives like normal human beings? But if you sleep better at night because of this nonsensical boycott — by all means, soldier on, you silly!

Shaker Heights kow tows to unions (is this a surprise?)

From Cleveland.com:

Shaker Heights cutting back on residents’ perks

Posted by Gabriel Baird/Plain Dealer Reporter June 24, 2009 00:52AM

Updated at 11:12 a.m. on Wednesday

SHAKER HEIGHTS — One of the perks residents of this city enjoy is being taken away.

Starting July 1, they will have to haul their yard waste to the curb like most everyone else.

Hard economic times have hit the city.

For decades, refuse collectors have picked up garbage and wastes behind houses, leaving the tree lawns impeccable even on trash day.

But a series of hits to the city’s budget are forcing cutbacks. City officials had expected to collect about $2.7 million less in taxes this year than last. But it could be even worse, said Mayor Earl M. Leiken.

“I don’t know how much more yet,” he said.

Councilwoman Nancy Moore said it could top $4 million.

A few residents in their yard Tuesday said that with the high taxes they pay they deserve the yard-waste perk.

One woman, who was trimming her shrubs, called fellow Shaker Heights residents spoiled, saying placing lawn clippings at the curb was hardly a hardship. She declined to give her name for fear of being ostracized by her neighbors.

Sharon Griswold, who was finishing a new stone path, said that having grown up outside Shaker, she is used to tasks like taking the lawn clippings to the curb.

“It’s not a big deal,” she said.

Other cost saving measures are also coming in July:

• City Hall and the community building will be closed every other Friday, beginning July 10.

Nonunion city employees will take off one day each two-week pay period for a salary cut of 10 percent.

• The pool will close a week before Labor Day.

“These changes will present just a minor inconvenience to residents,” Leiken said.

This is bullshit. The union employees should make the same concessions to help the city. Thanks a lot, Shaker.